Cucumber is one of the most common sandwich spreads or salad accessories and it is no coincidence. Cucumber is simply very yummy to eat and although it contains mostly water. It contains important minerals such as Potassium, Calcium, Phosphorus and Magnesium.
Cucumber comes from the cucumber family, Cucurbitaceae. The cucumber originally comes from India and has been cultivated for at least 3,000 years, including in Egypt and China.
Cucumbers can be divided into drift cucumbers (snake cucumbers). And outdoor cucumbers (grape cucumbers) and there are a large number of different varieties. For example, there are some called Marketmore, Tanja and Burpless tasty green. There are varieties that are green, yellow and white. Did you know that there are 95 percent water in cucumber.
The cucumber wants a lot of nutrition and thrives best in a sunny, warm location. It is important that watering regularly for the soil should never dry out. The cucumber plant also wants fertilizer to grow well.
Seeds that do not want to grow
If you have trouble getting the seeds to grow. It depends, as a rule, not that the seeds are old. For seeds of cucumber have a long shelf life. But they want warm soil to grow in, preferably 20-22 degrees. So lay the seed flat on the ground so do not stick it down. Apply 1 cm of soil on top. And then keep it moist in the usual order. If the soil is too wet and cold, the seed can rot, use plain flower soil to sow.
After planting, a vertical string is attached to each plant from the stem base up to the ceiling. As the plant grows, it spins around the string. Often it can be difficult to find a good bracket in the ceiling above each plant base. But with simple accessories and little inventiveness, it usually can be really neat. Vertical plants at regular intervals receive maximum light and air.
The leaf and side shoots are also formed in the leaf folds. These are trimmed away so when, as on a couple of side shoots high up. Which may grow out in order to later “take over” the production when the budgies are harvested. The side bulkheads are topped when they receive about 5 leaves and are cut back. To just one leaf when they are eventually harvested. In this leaf fold, a new side shoot is then released.
Spider mites and mildew can become a scourge for the cucumber plants. Spin and mildew thrive in dry environments with relatively high temperatures. As always, the air needs to be able to circulate around the plant. But cucumbers like heat and high humidity. And a way to prevent problems with spider mites and mildew. Is to spray the leaves from time to time with water and never let the plant dry out.
Mildew is a fungal disease that can attack the plants. It is possible to stop mildew by spraying with bicarbonate. Mix 1 teaspoon of bicarbonate in 1 liter of water and add a few drops of detergent. Spray over the plant. Repeat about every 10 days. The fruit does not take damage but can be eaten. Or you choose to grow varieties that are resistant to mildew. They are not immune, but they are less sensitive to being attacked.
Spin is a small insect that is difficult to correct. The animals suck the plant juice out of the leaves, which eventually shrinks. You can buy predator marmosets and plant in.
Harvest and storage
A cucumber is harvestable when it swells out and has a blunt tip. If you let the cucumbers become too large, this tempts on the plants and the production of fine cucumbers decreases. Harvest in time.
Just as for tomatoes, the cucumber should indulge in enjoying freshly harvested and room-temperature cucumbers. If the fruits have to be stored, the temperature should not be below 12 ° C. As the cucumbers then become “tough”. The storage should also not take place together with products that secrete ethylene, eg. ripening tomatoes or apples.